Wednesday, 2 November 2011

Taj Mahal Temple of love

Taj Mahal Temple of love

The Taj Mahal  is a white Marble mausoleum located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage.
Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish and Indian architectural styles.
In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer.

His fame Taj Mahal must not only beautiful architecture, which combines striking manner the grandeur and elegance, but also related romantic legende.On was built in the XVII century the ruler of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in memory of his beloved wife, whose death has plunged in his grief to. In his excellent form Temple Taj Mahal joined the artistic experience of two civilizations - the Islamic world and India. In the history of architecture is difficult to find a facility that has earned a reputation equal to the fame of the famous mausoleum of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India.

quarries. Used for the delivery of draft power elephants. The caravans were brought one by one to the tomb from distant lands the mountains of pearls, turquoise, coral, gold and precious stones bought at fantastic prices.
The walls of the Taj Mahal built of polished marble inlaid with semi-transparent from the gems. For the mosaics and ornaments have been used as turquoise, agate, malachite, carnelian, etc.
Malachite was delivered directly from Russia, turquoise - from Persia and Tibet, carnelian from Baghdad.
To work with the masters of rare materials brought from a distance, each year adding to their twenty thousandth army of local builders.
The most striking impression produced by the Church of the facades, especially the south. He changes his colors depending on the lighting in bright daylight it looks white in the dawn - pink and silver in the moonlight. Sometimes it seems that the mausoleum is hovering in the air, so light and weightless its walls.
In the Temple standing in long queues of locals, pilgrims and tourists

At the foot of the Temple is the burial garden - Ravda, community greens, water and architecture.

On the other bank of the river, on a plan of the Shah had arranged a twin building of black marble. However, this project went awry. In 1658, Shah Jahan was deposed by his own son and imprisoned in the Tower of the Red Fort in Agra, where he died 9 years.
Once the mighty Shah, who tended to the people, was buried in this mausoleum, next to his beloved. Such is the beautiful and sad story that gave the world examples of great love and great creativity

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