Facebook New Data Center in Sweden
The new data center is Facebook, which opened in the northern Swedish town of Lulea, was the first data center company, which is located outside the United States. Its location was chosen because the low temperature environment will help maintain high performance computers and to avoid possible technical failures due to overheating.
The company considered the possibility of opening a Facebook data center at several sites across Europe, and eventually was chosen to Lulea from the cold climate.
"The Facebook is now more users outside the U.S. than in America," said Representative Tom Furlong Facebook. "It is time to expand into Europe."
The company Facebook has confirmed that the location of the new data center in the city of Luleå is chosen because the low temperature environment will help maintain high performance computers. Facebook representative Tom Furlong also noted that European users will get much better performance due to the fact that the node for data traffic is now located closer to them. Facebook company currently holds data on sites in California, Virginia and Oregon and is building another facility in North Carolina. Companies rely on additional data centers, not only to provide a faster connection for users, but also as a backup unit in case of system failure
The mayor of Luleå, Carl Petersen and Mats Engman, Director General of the agency business Lulea, demonstrate how their happy prospect of opening a new data center. Recent issues have become more than BlackBerry service indication of what problems may arise for companies that have too few data centers, in the event of any technical failures. Situated 100 kilometers south of the Arctic Circle, Lulea is located on the river near the hydropower plant, which generates two times more energy than the Hoover dam on the border of Nevada and Arizona, said a company representative Facebook. In the event of a power outage, there are 14 redundant diesel generators with a total capacity of 40 MW. Construction of a data center in Luleå, which will consist of three buildings of the server on (28 000 square meters each, to be completed by 2014. The center will consume 120 MW of energy, totally based on hydropower. While many data centers rely on the system chillernye , Facebook will use an advanced cooling system based on the evaporation of water. Approximately eight months of the year, yes atsentr will be cooled by outside air. Facebook is not released in the cost of building the center, but officials in Lulea previously predicted that the cost of construction made 5 billion Swedish kronor (760 million dollars). "We knocked on the door of the headquarters Facebook (Palo Alto, CA), and now they move to Lulea - it's unbelievable," said Mats Engman, head of the agency business Lulea, public-private partnership that works to attract businesses to the region. Due to the fact that winter temperatures are consistently held below zero, and the summer maximum rarely exceeds 25 degrees Celsius, Lulea can establish itself as an ideal area for data centers. Other northern cities is also currently developing a similar strategy. In 2009, Google acquired the paper mill in Hamina in southern Finland and turned it into a data center using seawater from the Baltic Sea for its cooling system. Servers are in the centers data are the basis of Internet services such as Facebook. Servers store and transmit billions of status updates, links, images and all external applications used by members of Facebook.
Snow plows at the airport in Sweden: a cold, almost arctic climate will help maintain availability of computers.
Data centers are constantly monitored for systemic failures and overheating. Buildings are often under tight security - in order to secure an extremely expensive computer equipment.
The company also Facebook is currently building another data center in Praynville, Oregon. Expansion of the company is extremely fast, and it needs more data centers due to the increased load.